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A lesson in Ubuntu history

September 19th, 2009

If you have been using Ubuntu (or any Unix variant), you should now know that there is a history command which keeps track of the commands you have executed in the shell.  I have been using Ubuntu for a few months and my history command list is now at 500+ commands.

Here are some of the basic uses of the history command:

> history
  • this lists all commands you have executed in the shell
> history | more
  • same as above but only shows a page of list
  • press spacebar to move to the next page
  • press the letter q to quit displaying history commands
  • the | is a pipeline which means redirect the output of the history command as input to the more command
> history | grep <text>
> history | grep ls
> history | grep rsync
  • lists only the shell commands that contains the text after the grep command
  • grep basically is a command line text search utility
> man history
  • help manual of the history command
  • very helpful documentation I must say!

Since I started using Ubuntu, I have been wondering how do I get to issue the 100th command in the list.  I looked at the manual and did not understand it at first.  Just today, tired of typing a long list of rsync command, I looked at the history manual again and noticed the Event Designators section.

Event Designators

An event designator is a reference to a command line entry in the history list.

!    Start a history substitution, except when followed by a blank, newline, = or (.
!n   Refer to command line n.

and a lot more options down the line.

Out of instinct, I typed:

> history !100

and got the error message of:

bash: history: ln: numeric argument required

Giving a sheepish grin, I tried:

> !100

and the 100th command in the history list gets executed!

Talk about being silly, it took me about 2 months to finally figure that out.

Now that’s an interesting lesson in Ubuntu history ain’t it? :)

Author: Cyril Pauya Categories: Software Tags: ,
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